Oscar voor beste actrice

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De Oscar voor beste actrice (ook bekend als de Academy Award voor beste actrice of Oscar/Academy Award voor beste vrouwelijke hoofdrol) is een jaarlijkse prijs van de Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. De prijs is een van de belangrijkste Oscars en wordt uitgereikt aan de beste actrice in een hoofdrol van het voorgaande jaar. Welke vrouwen daarvoor in aanmerking komen wordt bepaald door mensen die werkzaam zijn in de filmindustrie. Uiteindelijk worden maximaal vijf actrices bekendgemaakt die zijn genomineerd voor de prijs. Tijdens de jaarlijkse uitreiking wordt bekendgemaakt welke van deze vijf actrices de prijs wint.

Winnaars en genomineerden[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

De winnaars staan bovenaan in vette letters op een gele achtergrond. De overige actrices en films die werden genomineerd staan eronder vermeld in alfabetische volgorde.[1]

1927-1929[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
1927-28
(1ste)
Janet Gaynor 7th Heaven, Street Angel en Sunrise
Louise Dresser A Ship Comes In
Gloria Swanson Sadie Thompson
1928-29
(2de)
[noot 1]
Mary Pickford Coquette
Ruth Chatterton Madame X
Betty Compson The Barker
Jeanne Eagels The Letter
Corinne Griffith The Divine Lady
Bessie Love The Broadway Melody

1930-1939[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
1929-30
(3de)
Norma Shearer The Divorcee
Nancy Carroll The Devil's Holiday
Ruth Chatterton Sarah and Son
Greta Garbo Anna Christie en Romance
Norma Shearer Their Own Desire
Gloria Swanson The Trespasser
1930-31
(4de)
Marie Dressler Min and Bill
Marlene Dietrich Morocco
Irene Dunne Cimarron
Ann Harding Holiday
Norma Shearer A Free Soul
1931-32
(5de)
Helen Hayes The Sin of Madelon Claudet
Marie Dressler Emma
Lynn Fontanne The Guardsman
1932-33
(6de)
[noot 2]
Katharine Hepburn Morning Glory
May Robson Lady for a Day
Diana Wynyard Cavalcade
1934
(7de)
[noot 3]
Claudette Colbert It Happened One Night
Bette Davis[noot 4] Of Human Bondage
Grace Moore One Night of Love
Norma Shearer The Barretts of Wimpole Street
1935
(8ste)
[noot 5]
Bette Davis Dangerous
Elisabeth Bergner Escape Me Never
Claudette Colbert Private Worlds
Katharine Hepburn Alice Adams
Miriam Hopkins Becky Sharp
Merle Oberon The Dark Angel
1936
(9de)
Luise Rainer The Great Ziegfeld
Irene Dunne Theodora Goes Wild
Gladys George Valiant Is the Word for Carrie
Carole Lombard My Man Godfrey
Norma Shearer Romeo and Juliet
1937
(10de)
Luise Rainer The Good Earth
Irene Dunne The Awful Truth
Greta Garbo Camille
Janet Gaynor A Star Is Born
Barbara Stanwyck Stella Dallas
1938
(11de)
Bette Davis Jezebel
Fay Bainter White Banners
Wendy Hiller Pygmalion
Norma Shearer Marie Antoinette
Margaret Sullavan Three Comrades
1939
(12de)
Vivien Leigh Gone with the Wind
Bette Davis Dark Victory
Irene Dunne Love Affair
Greta Garbo Ninotchka
Greer Garson Goodbye, Mr. Chips

1940-1949[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
1940
(13de)
Ginger Rogers Kitty Foyle
Bette Davis The Letter
Joan Fontaine Rebecca
Katharine Hepburn The Philadelphia Story
Martha Scott Our Town
1941
(14de)
Joan Fontaine Suspicion
Bette Davis The Little Foxes
Olivia de Havilland Hold Back the Dawn
Greer Garson Blossoms in the Dust
Barbara Stanwyck Ball of Fire
1942
(15de)
Greer Garson Mrs. Miniver
Bette Davis Now, Voyager
Katharine Hepburn Woman of the Year
Rosalind Russell My Sister Eileen
Teresa Wright The Pride of the Yankees
1943
(16de)
Jennifer Jones The Song of Bernadette
Jean Arthur The More the Merrier
Ingrid Bergman For Whom the Bell Tolls
Joan Fontaine The Constant Nymph
Greer Garson Madame Curie
1944
(17de)
Ingrid Bergman Gaslight
Claudette Colbert Since You Went Away
Bette Davis Mr. Skeffington
Greer Garson Mrs. Parkington
Barbara Stanwyck Double Indemnity
1945
(18de)
Joan Crawford Mildred Pierce
Ingrid Bergman The Bells of St. Mary's
Greer Garson The Valley of Decision
Jennifer Jones Love Letters
Gene Tierney Leave Her to Heaven
1946
(19de)
Olivia de Havilland To Each His Own
Celia Johnson Brief Encounter
Jennifer Jones Duel in the Sun
Rosalind Russell Sister Kenny
Jane Wyman The Yearling
1947
(20ste)
Loretta Young The Farmer's Daughter
Joan Crawford Possessed
Susan Hayward Smash-Up, the Story of a Woman
Dorothy McGuire Gentleman's Agreement
Rosalind Russell Mourning Becomes Electra
1948
(21ste)
Jane Wyman Johnny Belinda
Ingrid Bergman Joan of Arc
Olivia de Havilland The Snake Pit
Irene Dunne I Remember Mama
Barbara Stanwyck Sorry, Wrong Number
1949
(22ste)
Olivia de Havilland The Heiress
Jeanne Crain Pinky
Susan Hayward My Foolish Heart
Deborah Kerr Edward, My Son
Loretta Young Come to the Stable

1950-1959[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
1950
(23ste)
Judy Holliday Born Yesterday
Anne Baxter All About Eve
Bette Davis All About Eve
Eleanor Parker Caged
Gloria Swanson Sunset Blvd.
1951
(24ste)
Vivien Leigh A Streetcar Named Desire
Katharine Hepburn The African Queen
Eleanor Parker Detective Story
Shelley Winters A Place in the Sun
Jane Wyman The Blue Veil
1952
(25ste)
Shirley Booth Come Back, Little Sheba
Joan Crawford Sudden Fear
Bette Davis The Star
Julie Harris The Member of the Wedding
Susan Hayward With a Song in My Heart
1953
(26ste)
Audrey Hepburn Roman Holiday
Leslie Caron Lili
Ava Gardner Mogambo
Deborah Kerr From Here to Eternity
Maggie McNamara The Moon Is Blue
1954
(27ste)
Grace Kelly The Country Girl
Dorothy Dandridge Carmen Jones
Judy Garland A Star Is Born
Audrey Hepburn Sabrina
Jane Wyman Magnificent Obsession
1955
(28ste)
Anna Magnani The Rose Tattoo
Susan Hayward I'll Cry Tomorrow
Katharine Hepburn Summertime
Jennifer Jones Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing
Eleanor Parker Interrupted Melody
1956
(29ste)
Ingrid Bergman Anastasia
Carroll Baker Baby Doll
Katharine Hepburn The Rainmaker
Nancy Kelly The Bad Seed
Deborah Kerr The King and I
1957
(30ste)
Joanne Woodward The Three Faces of Eve
Deborah Kerr Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison
Anna Magnani Wild Is the Wind
Elizabeth Taylor Raintree County
Lana Turner Peyton Place
1958
(31ste)
Susan Hayward I Want to Live!
Deborah Kerr Separate Tables
Shirley MacLaine Some Came Running
Rosalind Russell Auntie Mame
Elizabeth Taylor Cat on a Hot Tin Roof
1959
(32ste)
Simone Signoret Room at the Top
Doris Day Pillow Talk
Audrey Hepburn The Nun's Story
Katharine Hepburn Suddenly, Last Summer
Elizabeth Taylor Suddenly, Last Summer

1960-1969[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
1960
(33ste)
Elizabeth Taylor Butterfield 8
Greer Garson Sunrise at Campobello
Deborah Kerr The Sundowners
Shirley MacLaine The Apartment
Melina Mercouri Never on Sunday
1961
(34ste)
Sophia Loren Two Women
Audrey Hepburn Breakfast at Tiffany's
Piper Laurie The Hustler
Geraldine Page Summer and Smoke
Natalie Wood Splendor in the Grass
1962
(35ste)
Anne Bancroft The Miracle Worker
Bette Davis What Ever Happened to Baby Jane?
Katharine Hepburn Long Day's Journey Into Night
Geraldine Page Sweet Bird of Youth
Lee Remick Days of Wine and Roses
1963
(36ste)
Patricia Neal Hud
Leslie Caron The L-Shaped Room
Shirley MacLaine Irma la Douce
Rachel Roberts This Sporting Life
Natalie Wood Love with the Proper Stranger
1964
(37ste)
Julie Andrews Mary Poppins
Anne Bancroft The Pumpkin Eater
Sophia Loren Marriage Italian Style
Debbie Reynolds The Unsinkable Molly Brown
Kim Stanley Seance on a Wet Afternoon
1965
(38ste)
Julie Christie Darling
Julie Andrews The Sound of Music
Samantha Eggar The Collector
Elizabeth Hartman A Patch of Blue
Simone Signoret Ship of Fools
1966
(39ste)
Elizabeth Taylor Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf?
Anouk Aimée A Man and a Woman
Ida Kaminska The Shop on Main Street
Lynn Redgrave Georgy Girl
Vanessa Redgrave Morgan!
1967
(40ste)
Katharine Hepburn Guess Who's Coming to Dinner
Anne Bancroft The Graduate
Faye Dunaway Bonnie and Clyde
Edith Evans The Whisperers
Audrey Hepburn Wait Until Dark
1968
(41ste)
[noot 6]
Katharine Hepburn The Lion in Winter
Barbra Streisand Funny Girl
Patricia Neal The Subject Was Roses
Vanessa Redgrave Isadora
Joanne Woodward Rachel, Rachel
1969
(42ste)
Maggie Smith The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie
Geneviève Bujold Anne of the Thousand Days
Jane Fonda They Shoot Horses, Don't They?
Liza Minnelli The Sterile Cuckoo
Jean Simmons The Happy Ending

1970-1979[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
1970
(43ste)
Glenda Jackson Women in Love
Jane Alexander The Great White Hope
Ali MacGraw Love Story
Sarah Miles Ryan's Daughter
Carrie Snodgress Diary of a Mad Housewife
1971
(44ste)
Jane Fonda Klute
Julie Christie McCabe & Mrs. Miller
Glenda Jackson Sunday Bloody Sunday
Vanessa Redgrave Mary, Queen of Scots
Janet Suzman Nicholas and Alexandra
1972
(45ste)
Liza Minnelli Cabaret
Diana Ross Lady Sings the Blues
Maggie Smith Travels with My Aunt
Cicely Tyson Sounder
Liv Ullmann The Emigrants
1973
(46ste)
Glenda Jackson A Touch of Class
Ellen Burstyn The Exorcist
Marsha Mason Cinderella Liberty
Barbra Streisand The Way We Were
Joanne Woodward Summer Wishes, Winter Dreams
1974
(47ste)
Ellen Burstyn Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore
Diahann Carroll Claudine
Faye Dunaway Chinatown
Valerie Perrine Lenny
Gena Rowlands A Woman Under the Influence
1975
(48ste)
Louise Fletcher One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest
Ann-Margret Tommy
Isabelle Adjani The Story of Adele H.
Glenda Jackson Hedda
Carol Kane Hester Street
1976
(49ste)
Faye Dunaway Network
Marie-Christine Barrault Cousin, Cousine
Talia Shire Rocky
Sissy Spacek Carrie
Liv Ullmann Face to Face
1977
(50ste)
Diane Keaton Annie Hall
Anne Bancroft The Turning Point
Jane Fonda Julia
Shirley MacLaine The Turning Point
Marsha Mason The Goodbye Girl
1978
(51ste)
Jane Fonda Coming Home
Ingrid Bergman Autumn Sonata
Ellen Burstyn Same Time, Next Year
Jill Clayburgh An Unmarried Woman
Geraldine Page Interiors
1979
(52ste)
Sally Field Norma Rae
Jill Clayburgh Starting Over
Jane Fonda The China Syndrome
Marsha Mason Chapter Two
Bette Midler The Rose

1980-1989[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
1980
(53ste)
Sissy Spacek Coal Miner's Daughter
Ellen Burstyn Resurrection
Goldie Hawn Private Benjamin
Mary Tyler Moore Ordinary People
Gena Rowlands Gloria
1981
(54ste)
Katharine Hepburn On Golden Pond
Diane Keaton Reds
Marsha Mason Only When I Laugh
Susan Sarandon Atlantic City
Meryl Streep The French Lieutenant's Woman
1982
(55ste)
Meryl Streep Sophie's Choice
Julie Andrews Victor/Victoria
Jessica Lange Frances
Sissy Spacek Missing
Debra Winger An Officer and a Gentleman
1983
(56ste)
Shirley MacLaine Terms of Endearment
Jane Alexander Testament
Meryl Streep Silkwood
Julie Walters Educating Rita
Debra Winger Terms of Endearment
1984
(57ste)
Sally Field Places in the Heart
Judy Davis A Passage to India
Jessica Lange Country
Vanessa Redgrave The Bostonians
Sissy Spacek The River
1985
(58ste)
Geraldine Page The Trip to Bountiful
Anne Bancroft Agnes of God
Whoopi Goldberg The Color Purple
Jessica Lange Sweet Dreams
Meryl Streep Out of Africa
1986
(59ste)
Marlee Matlin Children of a Lesser God
Jane Fonda The Morning After
Sissy Spacek Crimes of the Heart
Kathleen Turner Peggy Sue Got Married
Sigourney Weaver Aliens
1987
(60ste)
Cher Moonstruck
Glenn Close Fatal Attraction
Holly Hunter Broadcast News
Sally Kirkland Anna
Meryl Streep Ironweed
1988
(61ste)
Jodie Foster The Accused
Glenn Close Dangerous Liaisons
Melanie Griffith Working Girl
Meryl Streep A Cry in the Dark
Sigourney Weaver Gorillas in the Mist
1989
(62ste)
Jessica Tandy Driving Miss Daisy
Isabelle Adjani Camille Claudel
Pauline Collins Shirley Valentine
Jessica Lange Music Box
Michelle Pfeiffer The Fabulous Baker Boys

1990-1999[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
1990
(63ste)
Kathy Bates Misery
Anjelica Huston The Grifters
Julia Roberts Pretty Woman
Meryl Streep Postcards from the Edge
Joanne Woodward Mr. and Mrs. Bridge
1991
(64ste)
Jodie Foster The Silence of the Lambs
Geena Davis Thelma & Louise
Laura Dern Rambling Rose
Bette Midler For the Boys
Susan Sarandon Thelma & Louise
1992
(65ste)
Emma Thompson Howards End
Catherine Deneuve Indochine
Mary McDonnell Passion Fish
Michelle Pfeiffer Love Field
Susan Sarandon Lorenzo's Oil
1993
(66ste)
Holly Hunter The Piano
Angela Bassett What's Love Got to Do with It
Stockard Channing Six Degrees of Separation
Emma Thompson The Remains of the Day
Debra Winger Shadowlands
1994
(67ste)
Jessica Lange Blue Sky
Jodie Foster Nell
Miranda Richardson Tom & Viv
Winona Ryder Little Women
Susan Sarandon The Client
1995
(68ste)
Susan Sarandon Dead Man Walking
Elisabeth Shue Leaving Las Vegas
Sharon Stone Casino
Meryl Streep The Bridges of Madison County
Emma Thompson Sense and Sensibility
1996
(69ste)
Frances McDormand Fargo
Brenda Blethyn Secrets & Lies
Diane Keaton Marvin's Room
Kristin Scott Thomas The English Patient
Emily Watson Breaking the Waves
1997
(70ste)
Helen Hunt As Good as It Gets
Helena Bonham Carter The Wings of the Dove
Julie Christie Afterglow
Judi Dench Mrs. Brown
Kate Winslet Titanic
1998
(71ste)
Gwyneth Paltrow Shakespeare in Love
Cate Blanchett Elizabeth
Fernanda Montenegro Central Station
Meryl Streep One True Thing
Emily Watson Hilary and Jackie
1999
(72ste)
Hilary Swank Boys Don't Cry
Annette Bening American Beauty
Janet McTeer Tumbleweeds
Julianne Moore The End of the Affair
Meryl Streep Music of the Heart

2000-2009[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
2000
(73ste)
Julia Roberts Erin Brockovich
Joan Allen The Contender
Juliette Binoche Chocolat
Ellen Burstyn Requiem for a Dream
Laura Linney You Can Count on Me
2001
(74ste)
Halle Berry Monster's Ball
Judi Dench Iris
Nicole Kidman Moulin Rouge!
Sissy Spacek In the Bedroom
Renée Zellweger Bridget Jones's Diary
2002
(75ste)
Nicole Kidman The Hours
Salma Hayek Frida
Diane Lane Unfaithful
Julianne Moore Far from Heaven
Renée Zellweger Chicago
2003
(76ste)
Charlize Theron Monster
Keisha Castle-Hughes Whale Rider
Diane Keaton Something's Gotta Give
Samantha Morton In America
Naomi Watts 21 Grams
2004
(77ste)
Hilary Swank Million Dollar Baby
Annette Bening Being Julia
Catalina Sandino Moreno Maria Full of Grace
Imelda Staunton Vera Drake
Kate Winslet Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind
2005
(78ste)
Reese Witherspoon Walk the Line
Judi Dench Mrs. Henderson Presents
Felicity Huffman Transamerica
Charlize Theron North Country
Keira Knightley Pride & Prejudice
2006
(79ste)
Helen Mirren The Queen
Penélope Cruz Volver
Judi Dench Notes on a Scandal
Meryl Streep The Devil Wears Prada
Kate Winslet Little Children
2007
(80ste)
Marion Cotillard La Vie en Rose
Cate Blanchett Elizabeth: The Golden Age
Julie Christie Away from Her
Laura Linney The Savages
Ellen Page Juno
2008
(81ste)
Kate Winslet The Reader
Anne Hathaway Rachel Getting Married
Angelina Jolie Changeling
Melissa Leo Frozen River
Meryl Streep Doubt
2009
(82ste)
Sandra Bullock The Blind Side
Helen Mirren The Last Station
Carey Mulligan An Education
Gabourey Sidibe Precious: Based on the Novel 'Push' by Sapphire
Meryl Streep Julie & Julia

2010-2019[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Jaar Actrice Film
2010
(83ste)
Natalie Portman Black Swan
Annette Bening The Kids Are All Right
Nicole Kidman Rabbit Hole
Jennifer Lawrence Winter's Bone
Michelle Williams Blue Valentine
2011
(84ste)
Meryl Streep The Iron Lady
Glenn Close Albert Nobbs
Viola Davis The Help
Rooney Mara The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo
Michelle Williams My Week with Marilyn
2012
(85ste)
Jennifer Lawrence Silver Linings Playbook
Jessica Chastain Zero Dark Thirty
Emmanuelle Riva Amour
Quvenzhané Wallis Beasts of the Southern Wild
Naomi Watts The Impossible
2013
(86ste)
Cate Blanchett Blue Jasmine
Amy Adams American Hustle
Sandra Bullock Gravity
Judi Dench Philomena
Meryl Streep August: Osage County
2014
(87ste)
Julianne Moore Still Alice
Marion Cotillard Two Days, One Night
Felicity Jones The Theory of Everything
Rosamund Pike Gone Girl
Reese Witherspoon Wild
2015
(88ste)
Brie Larson Room
Cate Blanchett Carol
Jennifer Lawrence Joy
Charlotte Rampling 45 Years
Saoirse Ronan Brooklyn
2016
(89ste)
Emma Stone La La Land
Isabelle Huppert Elle
Ruth Negga Loving
Natalie Portman Jackie
Meryl Streep Florence Foster Jenkins
2017
(90ste)
Frances McDormand Three Billboards Outside Ebbing, Missouri
Sally Hawkins The Shape of Water
Margot Robbie I, Tonya
Saoirse Ronan Lady Bird
Meryl Streep The Post
2018
(91ste)
Olivia Colman The Favourite
Yalitza Aparicio Roma
Glenn Close The Wife
Lady Gaga A Star Is Born
Melissa McCarthy Can You Ever Forgive Me?
2019
(92ste)
Renée Zellweger Judy
Cynthia Erivo Harriet
Scarlett Johansson Marriage Story
Saoirse Ronan Little Women
Charlize Theron Bombshell

Recordhouders[bewerken | brontekst bewerken]

Katharine Hepburn
Luise Rainer
Meryl Streep

Katharine Hepburn is de recordhoudster met vier Oscars in de categorie 'Beste actrice'. Luise Rainer was de eerste actrice die de prijs meer dan één keer won.

Wat betreft nominaties is Meryl Streep recordhoudster. Tot en met 2017 werd ze zeventien keer genomineerd voor de Oscar voor beste actrice en vier keer in de categorie beste vrouwelijke bijrol. Winnen deed ze in de categorie 'bijrol' eenmaal: met haar rol in Kramer vs. Kramer uit 1979. In de categorie 'hoofdrol' won ze tweemaal: de eerste keer met haar rol in Sophie's Choice (1982), de tweede keer met haar rol in The Iron Lady (2011).