Lijst van gebieden in het National Park System van de Verenigde Staten

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Het National Park System van de Verenigde Staten is de verzameling van eigendommen in het bezit of in beheer door de National Park Service, een federaal agentschap onder het ministerie van Binnenlandse Zaken dat bevoegd is met het beheer van die eigendommen. De bekendste gebieden in het National Park System zijn de nationale parken en monumenten. Daarnaast bestaan er verschillende andere types; zie National Park Service voor een schematisch overzicht.

Sinds 2011 zijn er 397 "eenheden" in het National Park System. Dit aantal is echter wat misleidend. Zo wordt Denali National Park and Preserve als twee eenheden geteld, daar waar het Fort Moultrie National Monument niet als een eenheid telt omdat het als onderdeel van het Fort Sumter National Monument gezien wordt.

De National Park Service levert ook technische en financiële steun aan verschillende "affiliated areas" die als dusdanig erkend zijn door het Amerikaans Congres. Ten slotte valt ook het National Register of Historic Places, de monumentenlijst van de federale overheid, onder het beheer van de National Park Service. Alle eenheden in het National Park System worden automatisch opgenomen in die lijst.

Nationale parken[bewerken]

1rightarrow blue.svg Zie Lijst van nationale parken in de Verenigde Staten voor het hoofdartikel over dit onderwerp.

Nationale monumenten[bewerken]

1rightarrow blue.svg Zie Lijst van nationale monumenten in de Verenigde Staten voor het hoofdartikel over dit onderwerp.

National Preserves[bewerken]

Little River Canyon National Preserve
Naam Locatie
Aniakchak National Monument and Preserve Alaska
Bering Land Bridge National Preserve Alaska
Big Cypress National Preserve Florida
Big Thicket National Preserve Texas
Craters of the Moon National Monument and Preserve Idaho
Denali National Park and Preserve Alaska
Gates of the Arctic National Park and Preserve Alaska
Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve Alaska
Great Sand Dunes National Park and Preserve Colorado
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve Louisiana
Katmai National Park and Preserve Alaska
Lake Clark National Park and Preserve Alaska
Little River Canyon National Preserve Alabama
Mojave National Preserve Californië
Noatak National Preserve Alaska
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve Amerikaanse Maagdeneilanden
Tallgrass Prairie National Preserve Kansas
Timucuan Ecological and Historic Preserve Florida
Yukon-Charley Rivers National Preserve Alaska
Wrangell-St. Elias National Park and Preserve Alaska

National Historical Parks[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Adams National Historical Park Massachusetts
Appomattox Court House National Historical Park Virginia
Boston National Historical Park Massachusetts
Cane River Creole National Historical Park Louisiana
Cedar Creek and Belle Grove National Historical Park Virginia
Chaco Culture National Historical Park New Mexico
Chesapeake and Ohio Canal National Historical Park Maryland
Colonial National Historical Park Virginia
Cumberland Gap National Historical Park Kentucky, Tennessee, Virginia
Dayton Aviation Heritage National Historical Park Ohio
George Rogers Clark National Historical Park Indiana
Harpers Ferry National Historical Park West Virginia
Hopewell Culture National Historical Park Pennsylvania
Independence National Historical Park Pennsylvania
Jean Lafitte National Historical Park and Preserve Louisiana
Kalaupapa National Historical Park Hawaï
Kaloko-Honokohau National Historical Park Hawaï
Keweenaw National Historical Park Michigan
Klondike Gold Rush National Historical Park Alaska, Washington
Lewis and Clark National and State Historical Parks Oregon, Washington
Lowell National Historical Park Massachusetts
Lyndon B. Johnson National Historical Park Texas
Marsh-Billings-Rockefeller National Historical Park Vermont
Minute Man National Historical Park Massachusetts
Morristown National Historical Park New Jersey
Natchez National Historical Park Mississippi
New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park Massachusetts
New Orleans Jazz National Historical Park Louisiana
Nez Perce National Historical Park Idaho
Pecos National Historical Park New Mexico
Pu'uhonua O Honaunau National Historical Park Hawaï
Rosie the Riveter/World War II Home Front National Historical Park Californië
Salt River Bay National Historical Park and Ecological Preserve Amerikaanse Maagdeneilanden
San Antonio Missions National Historical Park Texas
San Francisco Maritime National Historical Park Californië
San Juan Island National Historical Park Washington
Saratoga National Historical Park New York
Sitka National Historical Park Alaska
Tumacácori National Historical Park Arizona
Valley Forge National Historical Park Pennsylvania
War in the Pacific National Historical Park Guam
Women's Rights National Historical Park New York

National Historic Sites[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Abraham Lincoln Birthplace National Historic Site Kentucky
Aleutian World War II National Historic Area (affiliated area) Alaska
Allegheny Portage Railroad National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Andersonville National Historic Site Georgia
Andrew Johnson National Historic Site Tennessee
Bent's Old Fort National Historic Site Colorado
Boston African American National Historic Site Massachusetts
Brown v. Board of Education National Historic Site Kansas
Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site (affiliated area) South Carolina
Carl Sandburg Home National Historic Site North Carolina
Carter G. Woodson Home National Historic Site Washington D.C.
Charles Pinckney National Historic Site South Carolina
Chicago Portage National Historic Site (affiliated area) Illinois
Chimney Rock National Historic Site (affiliated area) Nebraska
Christiansted National Historic Site Amerikaanse Maagdeneilanden
Clara Barton National Historic Site Maryland
Edgar Allan Poe National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Edison National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Eisenhower National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Eleanor Roosevelt National Historic Site New York
Eugene O'Neill National Historic Site Californië
First Ladies National Historic Site Ohio
Ford's Theatre National Historic Site Washington D.C.
Fort Bowie National Historic Site Arizona
Fort Davis National Historic Site Texas
Fort Laramie National Historic Site Wyoming
Fort Larned National Historic Site Kansas
Fort Point National Historic Site Californië
Fort Raleigh National Historic Site North Carolina
Fort Scott National Historic Site Kansas
Fort Smith National Historic Site Arkansas
Fort Union Trading Post National Historic Site North Dakota
Fort Vancouver National Historic Site Washington
Frederick Douglass National Historic Site Washington D.C.
Frederick Law Olmsted National Historic Site Massachusetts
Friendship Hill National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Gloria Dei (Old Swedes') Church National Historic Site (affiliated area) Pennsylvania
Golden Spike National Historic Site Utah
Grant-Kohrs Ranch National Historic Site Montana
Hampton National Historic Site Maryland
Harry S Truman National Historic Site Missouri
Herbert Hoover National Historic Site Iowa
Home of Franklin D. Roosevelt National Historic Site New York
Hopewell Furnace National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Hubbell Trading Post National Historic Site Arizona
James A. Garfield National Historic Site Ohio
Jamestown National Historic Site (affiliated area) Virginia
Jimmy Carter National Historic Site Georgia
John Fitzgerald Kennedy National Historic Site Massachusetts
John Muir National Historic Site Californië
Knife River Indian Villages National Historic Site North Dakota
Lincoln Home National Historic Site Illinois
Little Rock Central High School National Historic Site Arkansas
Longfellow National Historic Site Massachusetts
Lower East Side Tenement National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
McLoughlin House National Historic Site (affiliated area) Oregon
Maggie L. Walker National Historic Site Virginia
Manzanar National Historic Site Californië
Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site Georgia
Martin Van Buren National Historic Site New York
Mary McLeod Bethune Council House National Historic Site Washington D.C.
Minuteman Missile National Historic Site South Dakota
Nicodemus National Historic Site Kansas
Ninety Six National Historic Site South Carolina
Palo Alto Battlefield National Historic Site Texas
Pennsylvania Avenue National Historic Site Washington D.C.
Puukohola Heiau National Historic Site Hawaï
Sagamore Hill National Historic Site New York
Saint Croix Island International Historic Site Maine
Saint Paul's Church National Historic Site New York
Saint-Gaudens National Historic Site New Hampshire
Salem Maritime National Historic Site Massachusetts
San Juan National Historic Site Puerto Rico
Saugus Iron Works National Historic Site Massachusetts
Sewall-Belmont House National Historic Site (affiliated area) Washington D.C.
Springfield Armory National Historic Site Massachusetts
Steamtown National Historic Site Pennsylvania
Theodore Roosevelt Birthplace National Historic Site New York
Theodore Roosevelt Inaugural National Historic Site New York
Thomas Cole National Historic Site (affiliated area) New York
Thomas Stone National Historic Site Maryland
Touro Synagogue National Historic Site (affiliated area) Rhode Island
Tuskegee Airmen National Historic Site Alabama
Tuskegee Institute National Historic Site Alabama
Ulysses S. Grant National Historic Site Missouri
Vanderbilt Mansion National Historic Site New York
Washita Battlefield National Historic Site Oklahoma
Weir Farm National Historic Site Connecticut
Whitman Mission National Historic Site Washington
William Howard Taft National Historic Site Ohio

Van bestemming gewijzigde National Historic Sites[bewerken]

Naam Stichting Wijziging Resultaat
Atlanta Campaign National Historic Site 13 oktober, 1944 21 september, 1950 Overgedragen aan de Staat Georgia.
Mar-A-Lago National Historic Site 21 oktober, 1972 23 december, 1980 teruggegeven aan Post Foundation.
St. Thomas National Historic Site 24 december, 1960 5 februari, 1975 Overgedragen aan de Maagdeneilanden.

Voorgestelde National Historic Sites[bewerken]

Naam Wet
Ronald Reagan Boyhood Home National Historic Site (Gemachtigd door Public Law 107-137)
Sand Creek Massacre National Historic Site (Gemachtigd door Public Law 106-464)
William Jefferson Clinton Birthplace Home National Historic Site (H.R. 4192)

National Battlefield Parks[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Kennesaw Mountain National Battlefield Park Georgia
Manassas National Battlefield Park Virginia
Richmond National Battlefield Park Virginia

National Military Parks[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park Georgia
Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Virginia
Gettysburg National Military Park Pennsylvania
Guilford Courthouse National Military Park North Carolina
Horseshoe Bend National Military Park Alabama
Kings Mountain National Military Park South Carolina
Pea Ridge National Military Park Arkansas
Shiloh National Military Park Tennessee
Vicksburg National Military Park Mississippi

National Battlefields[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Antietam National Battlefield Maryland
Big Hole National Battlefield Montana
Cowpens National Battlefield South Carolina
Fort Donelson National Battlefield Tennessee
Fort Necessity National Battlefield Pennsylvania
Monocacy National Battlefield Maryland
Moores Creek National Battlefield North Carolina
Petersburg National Battlefield Virginia
Stones River National Battlefield Tennessee
Tupelo National Battlefield Mississippi
Wilson's Creek National Battlefield Tennessee

National Battlefield Sites[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Brices Cross Roads National Battlefield Site Mississippi

National Memorials[bewerken]

Lincoln Memorial
Naam Locatie
AIDS Memorial Grove National Memorial (affiliated area) Californië
African American Civil War Memorial (affiliated area) Washington D.C.
American Memorial Park (affiliated area) Noordelijke Marianen
Arkansas Post National Memorial Arkansas
Arlington House, The Robert E. Lee Memorial Virginia
Benjamin Franklin National Memorial (affiliated area) Pennsylvania
Cape Henry Memorial (affiliated area) Virginia
Chamizal National Memorial Texas
Coronado National Memorial Arizona
David Berger National Memorial (affiliated area) Ohio
De Soto National Memorial Florida
Father Marquette National Memorial (affiliated area) Michigan
Federal Hall National Memorial New York
Flight 93 National Memorial Pennsylvania
Fort Caroline National Memorial Florida
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial Washington D.C.
General Grant National Memorial New York
George Mason Memorial (affiliated area) Washington D.C.
Hamilton Grange National Memorial New York
Jefferson National Expansion Memorial Missouri
John Ericsson National Memorial (affiliated area) Washington D.C.
Johnstown Flood National Memorial Pennsylvania
Korean War Veterans Memorial Washington D.C.
Lincoln Memorial Washington D.C.
Lincoln Boyhood National Memorial Indiana
Lyndon Baines Johnson Memorial Grove on the Potomac Washington D.C.
Mount Rushmore National Memorial South Dakota
National Japanese American Memorial To Patriotism During World War II (affiliated area) Washington D.C.
National World War II Memorial Washington D.C.
Oklahoma City National Memorial (affiliated area) Oklahoma
Perry's Victory and International Peace Memorial Ohio
Port Chicago Naval Magazine National Memorial (affiliated area) Californië
Red Hill Patrick Henry National Memorial (affiliated area) Virginia
Roger Williams National Memorial Rhode Island
Thaddeus Kosciuszko National Memorial Pennsylvania
Theodore Roosevelt Island National Memorial Washington D.C.
Thomas Jefferson Memorial Washington D.C.
United States Navy Memorial (affiliated area) Washington D.C.
United States Marine Corps War Memorial (affiliated area) Virginia
USS Arizona Memorial Hawaï
Vietnam Veterans Memorial Washington D.C.
Washington Monument Washington D.C.
World War II Memorial Washington D.C.
Wright Brothers National Memorial North Carolina

Gewijzigde National Memorials[bewerken]

Naam Stichting Wijziging Resultaat
New Echota Marker National Memorial 10 augustus, 1933 21 september, 1950 Overgedragen aan de Staat Georgia.

Voorgestelde National Memorials[bewerken]

Naam Wet
Adams Memorial (Gemachtigd door Public Law 107-62)
Dwight D. Eisenhower Memorial (Gemachtigd door Public Law 107-117)
Martin Luther King, Jr. National Memorial (Gemachtigd door Public Law 104-333)
Mount Soledad National Memorial (Gemachtigd door Public Law 108-447)

National Recreation Areas[bewerken]

Lake Mead National Recreation Area
Naam Locatie
Amistad National Recreation Area Texas
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area Kentucky, Tennessee
Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area Montana, Wyoming
Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area Massachusetts
Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area Georgia
Chickasaw National Recreation Area Oklahoma
Curecanti National Recreation Area Colorado
Delaware Water Gap National Recreation Area New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Gateway National Recreation Area New York, New Jersey
Gauley River National Recreation Area West Virginia
Glen Canyon National Recreation Area Utah, Arizona
Golden Gate National Recreation Area Californië
Lake Chelan National Recreation Area Washington
Lake Mead National Recreation Area Nevada, Arizona
Lake Meredith National Recreation Area Texas
Lake Roosevelt National Recreation Area Washington
Mississippi National River and Recreation Area Minnesota
Ross Lake National Recreation Area Washington
Santa Monica Mountains National Recreation Area Californië
Whiskeytown National Recreation Area Californië

Gewijzigde National Recreation Areas[bewerken]

Naam Stichting Wijziging Resultaat
Cuyahoga Valley National Rec. Area 27 december, 1974 11 oktober, 2000 Omgevormd tot Cuyahoga Valley National Park.
Shasta Lake Recreation Area 22 mei, 1945 1 juli, 1948 Overgedragen aan de Forest Service.
Lake Texoma Recreation Area 18 april, 1946 30 juni, 1949 Teruggegeven aan de U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.
Millerton Lake Recreation Area 22 mei, 1945 1 november, 1957 Overgedragen aan de staat Californië.
Flaming Gorge Recreation Area 22 juli, 1963 1 oktober, 1968 Overgedragen aan de Forest Service.
Shadow Mountain Recreation Area 27 juni, 1952 1 maart, 1979 Overgedragen aan de Forest Service.

National Seashores[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Assateague Island National Seashore Maryland, Virginia
Canaveral National Seashore Florida
Cape Cod National Seashore Massachusetts
Cape Hatteras National Seashore North Carolina
Cape Lookout National Seashore North Carolina
Cumberland Island National Seashore Georgia
Fire Island National Seashore New York
Gulf Islands National Seashore Florida, Alabama, Mississippi
Padre Island National Seashore Texas
Point Reyes National Seashore Californië

National Lakeshores[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Apostle Islands National Lakeshore Wisconsin
Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore Indiana
Pictured Rocks National Lakeshore Michigan
Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore Michigan

National Rivers[bewerken]

Hier volgen de Nationale Rivieren (en soortgelijke) bestuurd als aparte eenheden van het Nationale Park Systeem. Er zijn ook enkele National Wild and Scenic Rivers beheerd als een deel van het park door welke ze stromen. Andere worden beheerd door het Bureau of Land Management, U.S. Forest Service, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service en verscheidene staats- of lokale diensten.

Naam Locatie
Alagnak Wild River Alaska
Big South Fork National River and Recreation Area Kentucky, Tennessee
Bluestone National Scenic River West Virginia
Buffalo National River Arkansas
Great Egg Harbor Scenic and Recreational River New Jersey
Middle Delaware National Scenic River New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Mississippi National River and Recreation Area Minnesota
Missouri National Recreational River Nebraska, South Dakota
New River Gorge National River West Virginia
Niobrara National Scenic River Nebraska
Obed Wild and Scenic River Tennessee
Ozark National Scenic Riverways Missouri
Rio Grande Wild and Scenic River Texas
Saint Croix National Scenic Riverway Wisconsin, Minnesota
Upper Delaware Scenic and Recreational River New York, Pennsylvania

National Reserves[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
City of Rocks National Reserve Idaho
Ebey's Landing National Historical Reserve Washington
New Jersey Pinelands National Reserve (affiliated area) New Jersey

National Parkways[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Baltimore-Washington Parkway (affiliated area) Maryland, Washington D.C.
Blue Ridge Parkway Virginia, North Carolina
Colonial Parkway (part of Colonial National Historical Park) Virginia
George Washington Memorial Parkway Virginia
John D. Rockefeller, Jr. Memorial Parkway Wyoming
Natchez Trace Parkway Mississippi, Alabama, Tennessee
Oxon Run Parkway (affiliated area) Virginia
Rock Creek and Potomac Parkway (affiliated area) Washington D.C.
Suitland Parkway (affiliated area) Maryland

National Historic and Scenic Trails[bewerken]

Naam Locatie
Ala Kahakai National Historic Trail Hawaï
Appalachian National Scenic Trail (één van de officiële Nationaal Park eenheden) Maine - Georgia
Californië National Historic Trail Missouri - Californië
El Camino Real de Tierra Adentro National Historic Trail New Mexico
Ice Age National Scenic Trail Wisconsin
Juan Bautista de Anza National Historic Trail Arizona - Californië
Lewis and Clark National Historic Trail Missouri - Oregon
Mormon Pioneer National Historic Trail Missouri - Utah
Natchez Trace National Scenic Trail (één van de officiële Nationaal Park eenheden) Mississippi - Tennessee
North Country National Scenic Trail New York - North Dakota
Old Spanish National Historic Trail New Mexico - Californië
Oregon National Historic Trail Missouri - Oregon
Overmountain Victory National Historic Trail Tennessee - North Carolina
Pony Express National Historic Trail Missouri - Californië
Potomac Heritage National Scenic Trail (één van de officiële Nationaal Park eenheden) Washington D.C. - Pennsylvania
Santa Fe National Historic Trail Missouri - New Mexico
Selma to Montgomery National Historic Trail Alabama
Trail of Tears National Historic Trail Tennessee - Oklahoma

National Cemeteries[bewerken]

De Meeste Nationale Begraafplaatsen worden beheerd door het Department of Veterans Affairs, enkele worden echter beheerd door de National Park Service en de U.S. Army. Geen enkele van de begraafplaatsen worden gerekend als een officiële eenheid van het nationaal park systeem, ze zijn allen aangesloten bij andere parken.

Naam Locatie
Andersonville National Cemetery Georgia
Abraham Lincoln National Cemetery Illinois
Andrew Johnson National Cemetery Tennessee
Antietam National Cemetery Maryland
Arlington National Cemetery Virginia
Battleground National Cemetery Washington D.C.
Chalmette National Cemetery Louisiana
Custer National Cemetery Montana
Fort Donelson National Cemetery Tennessee
Fredericksburg National Cemetery Virginia
Gettysburg National Cemetery Pennsylvania
Poplar Grove National Cemetery Virginia
Shiloh National Cemetery Tennessee
Stones River National Cemetery Tennessee
Vicksburg National Cemetery Mississippi
Yorktown National Cemetery Virginia

Gewijzigde National Cemeteries[bewerken]

Naam Stichting Wijziging Resultaat
Chattanooga National Cemetery 10 augustus, 1933 7 december, 1944 teruggegeven aan het War Department

National Heritage Areas[bewerken]

De National Park Service levert beperkte assistentie aan National Heritage Areas, maar beheert ze niet.

Andere NPS Beschermde Gebieden en Administratieve Groepen[bewerken]

National Mall
Naam Locatie
Catoctin Mountain Park Maryland
Ice Age National Scientific Reserve (affiliated area) Wisconsin
International Peace Garden (affiliated area) North Dakota
Inupiat Heritage Center (affiliated area) Alaska
Maine Acadian Culture (affiliated area) Maine
National Capital Parks-East Washington D.C.
National Mall and Memorial Parks (National Capital Parks-Central) Washington D.C.
New Jersey Coastal Heritage Trail Route (affiliated area) New Jersey
President's Park Washington D.C.
Prince William Forest Park Virginia
Rock Creek Park Washington D.C.
Roosevelt Campobello International Park (affiliated area) Maine
Wolf Trap National Park for the Performing Arts Virginia

Zie ook[bewerken]

Externe links[bewerken]

Bronnen