Oscar voor beste originele scenario

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De Academy Award voor beste originele scenario (ook bekend als de Oscar voor beste originele scenario) is een jaarlijkse prijs van de Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Enkel filmscenario's die niet gebaseerd werden op een ander medium komen in aanmerking. Daardoor maken onder meer remakes en boekverfilmingen geen kans op de prijs.

Geschiedenis[bewerken]

De Oscar voor beste originele scenario werd op 27 februari 1941 voor het eerst uitgereikt. Sindsdien maakt de prijs jaarlijks deel uit van de Oscarceremonie. Enkel voor het jaar 1948 werd er geen prijs uitgereikt. Voor dat jaar werden de categorieën voor originele scenario en filmadaptatie samengevoegd tot één categorie (beste scenario). Die eenmalige prijs ging naar The Treasure of the Sierra Madre.

Opmerkelijke winnaars en recordhouders[bewerken]

Woody Allen heeft in deze categorie zowel de meeste nominaties (16) als zeges (3). Hij is ook de oudste winnaar ooit. Allen was 76 jaar toen hij in 2012 won met het scenario voor Midnight in Paris (2011). Ben Affleck is de jongste winnaar ooit. Hij was 25 jaar toen hij samen met Matt Damon een Oscar won voor het scenario van Good Will Hunting (1997).

Muriel Box was de eerste vrouw die de Oscar voor beste originele scenario won. Ze deelde de prijs, die ze won voor het Brits melodrama The Seventh Veil (1945), met haar echtgenoot Sydney Box.

In 1996 wonnen de broers Joel en Ethan Coen een Oscar voor Fargo. Ook Francis Ford Coppola en diens dochter Sofia Coppola wonnen elk een Oscar. Francis Ford Coppola won de prijs voor de oorlogsfilm Patton (1970). Meer dan twintig jaar later won zijn dochter Sofia Coppola de prijs voor Lost in Translation (2003).

Scenaristen Preston Sturges, Oliver Stone, Maurice Richlin en Stanley Shapiro werden twee keer in hetzelfde jaar genomineerd.

In 1956 ging de prijs naar de Franse korte film Le ballon rouge.

Winnaars en genomineerden[bewerken]

De winnaars zijn aangeduid in het geel. De overige films en scenaristen werden genomineerd.

Jaar Film Scenarist(en)
1940
The Great McGinty Preston Sturges
Angels Over Broadway Ben Hecht
Dr. Ehrlich's Magic Bullet Norman Burnside, Heinz Herald, John Huston
Foreign Correspondent Charles Bennett, Joan Harrison
The Great Dictator Charlie Chaplin
1941
Citizen Kane Herman J. Mankiewicz, Orson Welles
The Devil and Miss Jones Norman Krasna
Sergeant York Harry Chandlee, Abem Finkel, John Huston, Howard E. Koch
Tall, Dark and Handsome Karl Tunberg, Darrell Ware
Tom, Dick and Harry Paul Jarrico
1942
Woman of the Year Michael Kanin, Ring Lardner Jr.
One of Our Aircraft Is Missing Michael Powell, Emeric Pressburger
Road to Morocco Frank Butler, Don Hartman
Wake Island W.R. Burnett, Frank Butler
The War Against Mrs. Hadley George Oppenheimer
1943
Princess O'Rourke Norman Krasna
Air Force Dudley Nichols
In Which We Serve Noël Coward
The North Star Lillian Hellman
So Proudly We Hail! Allan Scott
1944
Wilson Lamar Trotti
Hail the Conquering Hero Preston Sturges
The Miracle of Morgan's Creek
Two Girls and a Sailor Richard Connell, Gladys Lehman
Wing and a Prayer Jerome Cady
1945
Marie-Louise Richard Schweizer
Dillinger Philip Yordan
Music for Millions Myles Connolly
Salty O'Rourke Milton Holmes
What Next, Corporal Hargrove? Harry Kurnitz
1946
The Seventh Veil Muriel Box, Sydney Box
The Blue Dahlia Raymond Chandler
Children of Paradise Jacques Prévert
Notorious Ben Hecht
Road to Utopia Norman Panama, Melvin Frank
1947
The Bachelor and the Bobby-Soxer Sidney Sheldon
Body and Soul Abraham Polonsky
A Double Life Ruth Gordon, Garson Kanin
Monsieur Verdoux Charlie Chaplin
Sciuscià Sergio Amidei, Adolfo Franci, C.G. Viola, Cesare Zavattini
1948 Geen uitreiking in deze categorie[1]
1949
Battleground Robert Pirosh
Jolson Sings Again Sidney Buchman
Paisà Alfred Hayes, Federico Fellini, Sergio Amidei, Marcello Pagliero, Roberto Rossellini
Passport to Pimlico T.E.B. Clarke
The Quiet Ones Helen Levitt, Janice Loeb, Sidney Meyers
1950
Sunset Boulevard Billy Wilder, Charles Brackett, D.M. Marshman Jr.
Adam's Rib Ruth Gordon, Garson Kanin
Caged Virginia Kellogg, Bernard C. Schoenfeld
The Men Carl Foreman
No Way Out Joseph L. Mankiewicz, Lesser Samuels
1951
An American in Paris Alan Jay Lerner
The Big Carnival Billy Wilder, Lesser Samuels, Walter Newman
David and Bathsheba Philip Dunne
Go for Broke! Robert Pirosh
The Well Clarence Greene, Russell Rouse
1952
The Lavender Hill Mob T.E.B. Clarke
The Atomic City Sydney Boehm
The Sound Barrier Terence Rattigan
Pat and Mike Ruth Gordon, Garson Kanin
Viva Zapata! John Steinbeck
1953
Titanic Charles Brackett, Richard L. Breen, Walter Reisch
The Band Wagon Betty Comden, Adolph Green
The Desert Rats Richard Murphy
The Naked Spur Sam Rolfe, Harold Jack Bloom
Take the High Ground! Millard Kaufman
1954
On the Waterfront Budd Schulberg
The Barefoot Contessa Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Genevieve William Rose
The Glenn Miller Story Valentine Davies, Oscar Brodney
Knock on Wood Norman Panama, Melvin Frank
1955
Interrupted Melody Sonya Levien, William Ludwig
The Court-Martial of Billy Mitchell Milton Sperling, Emmet Lavery
It's Always Fair Weather Betty Comden, Adolph Green
Les Vacances de monsieur Hulot Jacques Tati, Henri Marquet
The Seven Little Foys Melville Shavelson, Jack Rose
1956
Le ballon rouge Albert Lamorisse
The Bold and the Brave Robert Lewin
Julie Andrew L. Stone
La strada Federico Fellini, Tullio Pinelli
The Ladykillers William Rose
1957
Designing Woman George Wells
Funny Face Leonard Gershe
Man of a Thousand Faces Ralph Wheelwright, R. Wright Campbell, Ivan Goff, Ben Roberts
The Tin Star Barney Slater, Joel Kane, Dudley Nichols
I vitelloni Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli
1958
The Defiant Ones Nathan E. Douglas, Harold Jacob Smith
The Goddess Paddy Chayefsky
Houseboat Melville Shavelson, Jack Rose
The Sheepman James Edward Grant, William Bowers
Teacher's Pet Fay Kanin, Michael Kanin
1959
Pillow Talk Russell Rouse, Stanley Shapiro, Clarence Greene, Maurice Richlin
Les Quatre Cents Coups François Truffaut, Marcel Moussy
North by Northwest Ernest Lehman
Operation Petticoat Paul King, Joseph Stone, Stanley Shapiro, Maurice Richlin
Wilde aardbeien Ingmar Bergman
1960
The Apartment Billy Wilder, I.A.L. Diamond
The Angry Silence Bryan Forbes, Richard Gregson, Michael Craig
The Facts of Life Norman Panama, Melvin Frank
Hiroshima mon amour Marguerite Duras
Never on Sunday Jules Dassin
1961
Splendor in the Grass William Inge
Ballad of a Soldier Valentin Yoshov, Grigori Chukhrai
La dolce vita Federico Fellini, Tullio Pinelli, Ennio Flaiano, Brunello Rondi
Lover Come Back Stanley Shapiro, Paul Henning
Il generale Della Rovere Sergio Amidei, Diego Fabbi, Indro Montanelli
1962
Divorzio all'italiana Ennio de Concini, Pietro Germi, Alfredo Giannetti
Freud: The Secret Passion Charles Kaufman, Wolfgang Reinhardt
L'Année dernière à Marienbad Alain Robbe-Grillet
That Touch of Mink Stanley Shapiro, Nate Monaster
Als in een donkere spiegel Ingmar Bergman
1963
How the West Was Won James Webb
Federico Fellini, Ennio Flaiano, Tullio Pinelli, Brunello Rondi
America, America Elia Kazan
Le quattro giornate di Napoli Pasquale Festa Campanile, Massimo Franciosa, Nanni Loy, Vasco Pratolini, Carlo Bernari
Love with the Proper Stranger Arnold Schulman
1964
Father Goose Peter Stone, Frank Tarloff
A Hard Day's Night Alun Owen
One Potato, Two Potato Raphael Hayes, Orville H. Hampton
I compagni Agenore Incrocci, Furio Scarpelli, Mario Monicelli
L'Homme de Rio Jean-Paul Rappeneau, Ariane Mnouchkine, Daniel Boulanger, Philippe de Broca
1965
Darling Frederic Raphael
The Train Franklin Coen, Frank Davis
Those Magnificent Men in their Flying Machines Jack Davies, Ken Annakin
Casanova 70 Agenore Incrocci, Furio Scarpelli, Mario Monicelli, Tonino Guerra, Giorgio Salvioni, Suso Cecchi d'Amico
Les Parapluies de Cherbourg Jacques Demy
1966
Un homme et une femme Claude Lelouch, Pierre Uytterhoeven
Blow-Up Michelangelo Antonioni, Tonino Guerra, Edward Bond
The Fortune Cookie Billy Wilder, I.A.L. Diamond
Khartoum Robert Ardrey
The Naked Prey Clint Johnston, Don Peters
1967
Guess Who's Coming to Dinner William Rose
Bonnie and Clyde David Newman, Robert Benton
Divorce American Style Robert Kaufman, Norman Lear
La guerre est finie Jorge Semprún
Two for the Road Frederic Raphael
1968
The Producers Mel Brooks
2001: A Space Odyssey Stanley Kubrick, Arthur C. Clarke
La battaglia di Algeri Franco Solinas, Gillo Pontecorvo
Faces John Cassavetes
Hot Millions Ira Wallach, Peter Ustinov
1969
Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid William Goldman
Bob & Carol & Ted & Alice Paul Mazursky, Larry Tucker
The Damned Nicola Badalucco, Enrico Medioli, Luchino Visconti
Easy Rider Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, Terry Southern
The Wild Bunch Walon Green, Roy N. Sickner, Sam Peckinpah
1970
Patton Francis Ford Coppola, Edmund H. North
Five Easy Pieces Adrien Joyce, Bob Rafelson
Joe Norman Wexler
Love Story Erich Segal
My Night at Maud's Éric Rohmer
1971
The Hospital Paddy Chayefsky
Indagine su un cittadino al di sopra di ogni sospetto Elio Petri, Ugo Pirro
Klute Andy Lewis, David Lewis
Summer of '42 Herman Raucher
Sunday Bloody Sunday Penelope Gilliatt
1972
The Candidate Jeremy Larner
The Discreet Charm of the Bourgeoisie Luis Buñuel, Jean-Claude Carrière
Lady Sings the Blues Terrence McCloy, Chris Clark, Suzanne de Passe
Murmur of the Heart Louis Malle
Young Winston Carl Foreman
1973
The Sting David S. Ward
American Graffiti George Lucas, Gloria Katz, Willard Huyck
Geschreeuw en gefluister Ingmar Bergman
Save the Tiger Steve Shagan
A Touch of Class Melvin Frank, Jack Rose
1974
Chinatown Robert Towne
Alice Doesn't Live Here Anymore Robert Getchell
The Conversation Francis Ford Coppola
La Nuit américaine François Truffaut, Jean-Louis Richard, Suzanne Schiffman
Harry and Tonto Paul Mazursky, Josh Greenfield
1975
Dog Day Afternoon Frank Pierson
Amarcord Federico Fellini, Tonino Guerra
Toute une vie Claude Lelouch, Pierre Uytterhoeven
Lies My Father Told Me Ted Allan
Shampoo Robert Towne, Warren Beatty
1976
Network Paddy Chayefsky
Cousin Cousine Jean-Charles Tacchella, Daniele Thompson
The Front Walter Bernstein
Rocky Sylvester Stallone
Pasqualino Settebellezze Lina Wertmüller
1977
Annie Hall Woody Allen, Marshall Brickman
The Goodbye Girl Neil Simon
The Late Show Robert Benton
Star Wars George Lucas
The Turning Point Arthur Laurents
1978
Coming Home Robert C. Jones, Waldo Salt, Nancy Dowd
Herfstsonate Ingmar Bergman
The Deer Hunter Deric Washburn, Michael Cimino, Louis Garfinkle, Quinn K. Redeker
Interiors Woody Allen
An Unmarried Woman Paul Mazursky
1979
Breaking Away Steve Tesich
All That Jazz Bob Fosse, Robert Alan Aurthur
...And Justice for All Barry Levinson, Valerie Curtin
The China Syndrome Mike Gray, T.S. Cook, James Bridges
Manhattan Woody Allen, Marshall Brickman
1980
Melvin and Howard Bo Goldman
Brubaker W.D. Richter, Arthur A. Ross
Fame Christopher Gore
Mon oncle d'Amérique Jean Gruault, Henri Laborit
Private Benjamin Nancy Meyers, Charles Shyer, Harvey Miller
1981
Chariots of Fire Colin Welland
Absence of Malice Kurt Luedtke
Arthur Steve Gordon
Atlantic City John Guare
Reds Warren Beatty, Trevor Griffiths
1982
Gandhi John Briley
Diner Barry Levinson
E.T. the Extra-Terrestrial Melissa Mathison
An Officer and a Gentleman Douglas Day Stewart
Tootsie Larry Gelbart, Murray Schisgal, Don McGuire
1983
Tender Mercies Horton Foote
The Big Chill Lawrence Kasdan, Barbara Benedek
Fanny and Alexander Ingmar Bergman
Silkwood Nora Ephron, Alice Arlen
WarGames Lawrence Lasker, Walter F. Parkes
1984
Places in the Heart Robert Benton
Beverly Hills Cop Daniel Petrie Jr., Danilo Bach
Broadway Danny Rose Woody Allen
El Norte Gregory Nava, Anna Thomas
Splash Lowell Ganz, Babaloo Mandel, Bruce Jay Friedman, Brian Grazer
1985
Witness William Kelley, Earl Wallace, Pamela Wallace
Back to the Future Robert Zemeckis, Bob Gale
Brazil Terry Gilliam, Tom Stoppard, Charles McKeown
The Official Story Luis Puenzo, Aída Bortnik
The Purple Rose of Cairo Woody Allen
1986
Hannah and Her Sisters Woody Allen
Crocodile Dundee Paul Hogan, Ken Shadie, John Cornell
My Beautiful Laundrette Hanif Kureishi
Platoon Oliver Stone
Salvador Oliver Stone, Richard Boyle
1987
Moonstruck John Patrick Shanley
Au revoir les enfants Louis Malle
Broadcast News James L. Brooks
Hope and Glory John Boorman
Radio Days Woody Allen
1988
Rain Man Ronald Bass, Barry Morrow
Big Gary Ross, Anne Spielberg
Bull Durham Ron Shelton
A Fish Called Wanda John Cleese, Charles Crichton
Running on Empty Naomi Foner
1989
Dead Poets Society Tom Schulman
Crimes and Misdemeanors Woody Allen
Do the Right Thing Spike Lee
Sex, Lies, and Videotape Steven Soderbergh
When Harry Met Sally... Nora Ephron
1990
Ghost Bruce Joel Rubin
Alice Woody Allen
Avalon Barry Levinson
Green Card Peter Weir
Metropolitan Whit Stillman
1991
Thelma & Louise Callie Khouri
Boyz n the Hood John Singleton
Bugsy James Tobackr
The Fisher King Richard LaGravenese
Grand Canyon Lawrence Kasdan, Meg Kasdan
1992
The Crying Game Neil Jordan
Husbands and Wives Woody Allen
Lorenzo's Oil Nick Enright, George Miller
Passion Fish John Sayles
Unforgiven David Webb Peoples
1993
The Piano Jane Campion
Dave Gary Ross
In the Line of Fire Jeff Maguire
Philadelphia Ron Nyswaner
Sleepless in Seattle Jeff Arch, Nora Ephron, David S. Ward
1994
Pulp Fiction Quentin Tarantino, Roger Avary
Bullets Over Broadway Woody Allen, Douglas McGrath
Four Weddings and a Funeral Richard Curtis
Heavenly Creatures Peter Jackson, Fran Walsh
Trois couleurs: Rouge Krzysztof Kieślowski, Krzysztof Piesiewicz
1995
The Usual Suspects Christopher McQuarrie
Braveheart Randall Wallace
Mighty Aphrodite Woody Allen
Nixon Stephen J. Rivele, Christopher Wilkinson, Oliver Stone
Toy Story Joss Whedon, Andrew Stanton, Joel Cohen, Alec Sokolow, John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Joe Ranft
1996
Fargo Joel Coen, Ethan Coen
Jerry Maguire Cameron Crowe
Lone Star John Sayles
Secrets & Lies Mike Leigh
Shine Jan Sardi, Scott Hicks
1997
Good Will Hunting Ben Affleck, Matt Damon
As Good as It Gets Mark Andrus, James L. Brooks
Boogie Nights Paul Thomas Anderson
Deconstructing Harry Woody Allen
The Full Monty Simon Beaufoy
1998
Shakespeare in Love Marc Norman, Tom Stoppard
Bulworth Warren Beatty, Jeremy Pikser
La vita è bella Roberto Benigni, Vincenzo Cerami
Saving Private Ryan Robert Rodat
The Truman Show Andrew Niccol
1999
American Beauty Alan Ball
Being John Malkovich Charlie Kaufman
Magnolia Paul Thomas Anderson
The Sixth Sense M. Night Shyamalan
Topsy-Turvy Mike Leigh
2000
Almost Famous Cameron Crowe
Billy Elliot Lee Hall
Erin Brockovich Susannah Grant
Gladiator David Franzoni, John Logan, William Nicholson
You Can Count on Me Kenneth Lonergan
2001
Gosford Park Julian Fellowes
Le Fabuleux Destin d'Amélie Poulain Jean-Pierre Jeunet, Guillaume Laurant
Memento Christopher Nolan, Jonathan Nolan
Monster's Ball Milo Addica, Will Rokos
The Royal Tenenbaums Wes Anderson, Owen Wilson
2002
Hable con ella Pedro Almodóvar
Far from Heaven Todd Haynes
Gangs of New York Jay Cocks, Steven Zaillian, Kenneth Lonergan
My Big Fat Greek Wedding Nia Vardalos
Y tu mamá también Alfonso Cuarón, Carlos Cuarón
2003
Lost in Translation Sofia Coppola
The Barbarian Invasions Denys Arcand
Dirty Pretty Things Steven Knight
Finding Nemo Andrew Stanton, Bob Peterson, David Reynolds
In America Jim Sheridan, Kirsten Sheridan, Naomi Sheridan
2004
Eternal Sunshine of the Spotless Mind Charlie Kaufman, Michel Gondry, Pierre Bismuth
The Aviator John Logan
Hotel Rwanda Terry George, Keir Pearson
The Incredibles Brad Bird
Vera Drake Mike Leigh
2005
Crash Paul Haggis, Bobby Moresco
Good Night, and Good Luck George Clooney, Grant Heslov
Match Point Woody Allen
The Squid and the Whale Noah Baumbach
Syriana Stephen Gaghan
2006
Little Miss Sunshine Michael Arndt
Babel Guillermo Arriaga
Letters from Iwo Jima Iris Yamashita, Paul Haggis
Pan's Labyrinth Guillermo del Toro
The Queen Peter Morgan
2007
Juno Diablo Cody
Lars and the Real Girl Nancy Oliver
Michael Clayton Tony Gilroy
Ratatouille Brad Bird, Jan Pinkava, Jim Capobianco
The Savages Tamara Jenkins
2008
Milk Dustin Lance Black
Frozen River Courtney Hunt
Happy-Go-Lucky Mike Leigh
In Bruges Martin McDonagh
WALL•E Andrew Stanton, Pete Docter, Jim Reardon
2009
The Hurt Locker Mark Boal
Inglourious Basterds Quentin Tarantino
The Messenger Alessandro Camon, Oren Moverman
A Serious Man Joel Coen, Ethan Coen
Up Bob Peterson, Pete Docter, Tom McCarthy
2010
The King's Speech David Seidler
Another Year Mike Leigh
The Fighter Scott Silver, Paul Tamasy, Eric Johnson, Keith Dorrington
Inception Christopher Nolan
The Kids Are All Right Lisa Cholodenko, Stuart Blumberg
2011
Midnight in Paris Woody Allen
The Artist Michel Hazanavicius
Bridesmaids Kristen Wiig, Annie Mumolo
Margin Call J.C. Chandor
A Separation Asghar Farhadi
2012
Django Unchained Quentin Tarantino
Amour Michael Haneke
Flight John Gatins
Moonrise Kingdom Wes Anderson, Roman Coppola
Zero Dark Thirty Mark Boal
2013
Her Spike Jonze
American Hustle Eric Warren Singer, David O. Russell
Blue Jasmine Woody Allen
Dallas Buyers Club Craig Borten, Melisa Wallack
Nebraska Bob Nelson
2014
Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) Alejandro G. Iñárritu, Nicolás Giacobone, Alexander Dinelaris Jr., Armando Bo
Boyhood Richard Linklater
Foxcatcher E. Max Frye, Dan Futterman
The Grand Budapest Hotel Wes Anderson, Hugo Guinness
Nightcrawler Dan Gilroy
2015
Spotlight Tom McCarthy, Josh Singer
Bridge of Spies Joel Coen, Ethan Coen
Ex Machina Alex Garland
Inside Out Josh Cooley, Ronnie del Carmen, Pete Docter, Meg LeFauve
Straight Outta Compton Andrea Berloff, Jonathan Herman, S. Leigh Savidge, Alan Wenkus
2016
Manchester by the Sea Kenneth Lonergan
20th Century Women Mike Mills
Hell or High Water Taylor Sheridan
La La Land Damien Chazelle
The Lobster Yorgos Lanthimos en Efthimis Fillippou

Galerij[bewerken]